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SunnyJuly 17, 2018
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3min00

John Traynor, chief investment officer at People’s United Advisors, said investors should watch two major events in 2018: midterm elections and simmering global trade tensions.

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“We think the earnings growth is very strong, we think the economy is very strong, but you’re being buffeted by those two trends, and they will impact the second half of the year,” Traynor said.

As the November midterm elections grow closer, Traynor said, “You’re going to see a lot of market volatility and turmoil.”

It’s not just chatter, Traynor said global trade tensions could actually slow the economy.

“The more the trade tensions roil the global markets and stay in the headlines, the more we’re worried it will have a negative impact on business and consumer confidence,” he said.

One option for investors in a tense trade period is small-cap stocks.

“Small caps right now are really perfectly suited for the trade dust-up we’re seeing,” Traynor said.

That’s because large-cap stocks tend to be more internationally exposed, while small caps are more focused on the domestic U.S. economy. If trade rhetoric begins to soften, large-cap stocks could bounce back, Traynor said. But as of now, he said the trade tensions will stick around a little while longer.

People’s United Advisors has $6 billion in assets under management.

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SunnyJuly 17, 2018
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7min10

The amount of money flowing into the energy sector fell for a third straight year in 2017, raising concerns about the world’s ability to provide enough power and tackle climate change, the International Energy Agency reported Tuesday.

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On the whole, governments and businesses plowed $1.8 trillion into the infrastructure, equipment and resources that keep the world running. That means global energy investment fell by 2 percent from 2016 after adjusting for inflation, and the IEA warned the trend does not appear to be reversing.

At the same time, governments are shouldering more of the burden of investing in the energy sector, the Paris-based advisor to energy-consuming nations said in its annual report. State-owned enterprises now account for 40 percent of all investments in energy, and about 95 percent of spending in the power sector is linked to regulation or relies on some form of subsidy.

“Despite this increased role of governments, the overall trend of energy investment remains insufficient for meeting energy security, climate and air quality goals, and is not spurring an acceleration in technologies needed for the clean energy transition,” IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol said in the report.

That investment includes spending on power plants, electric grids, new oil and gas wells, and systems to make buildings more energy efficient.

The electricity sector attracted the most capital for the second year in a row, generating an estimated $750 billion. However, overall investment still slumped 5 percent from the previous year, as a sharp drop in spending on power plants offset an uptick in dollars flowing to the electric grid.

Governments and investors spent an all-time high $300 billion on networks that deliver electricity from power plants to homes and businesses, up a modest 1 percent from last year. The spending is largely geared toward updating transmission and distribution lines and integrating smart technology to prepare for a world with more electric vehicles and renewable energy.

Meanwhile, spending on the plants that generate power — especially from coal, hydropower and nuclear fuel — had the biggest drag on overall investment.

Spending on these generating stations fell by 10 percent last year. Half of the drop was due to declining investment in coal-fired plants in China and India, the two emerging economies that drive global economic growth.

Investment in natural gas-fired plants rose 40 percent, and mostly came from the United States and the Middle East-North Africa region. However, final investment decisions — an indicator of future construction — dropped by 23 percent last year.

Capital flows into renewable power fell by 7 percent, with growth in solar and wind power offset by declines in hydropower and nuclear energy. Nuclear power is not strictly considered renewable energy, but the two are linked because they both generate electricity without emitting planet-warming emissions like carbon dioxide.

“Robust investment in renewable power is even more important for boosting low-carbon power generation in light of a sharp fall in investment in new nuclear power,” the IEA said.

In Europe alone, IEA estimates the retirement of nuclear power plants has offset 40 percent of the low-carbon power generation from renewables since 2010.

While spending to generate power is falling, investment to help buildings, vehicles and industry use energy more efficiently continues to rise. The world spent $236 billion on energy efficiency in 2017, up 3 percent from the previous year, largely on heating, cooling and lighting improvements in buildings.

However, the IEA warns these investments are slowing down, partly due to lackluster implementation of energy efficiency policies.

Investment also picked up in oil and gas exploration and production as the recovery in crude prices continued. Spending in the sector rose 4 percent to $450 billion last year, and IEA expects it to tick up another 5 percent this year to $472 billion.

However, drillers are increasingly turning to wells that produce oil and gas for a relatively short period. Meanwhile, investment in big projects that yield huge payloads of fossil fuels over many years, like new offshore wells, now account for just a third of investment.

The picture is even bleaker for coal production. Despite prices doubling for the type of coal used in power plants, investments in mining new supplies fell by 13 percent last year, slumping to just below $80 billion. According to IEA, final investment decisions in coal-fired plants in 2017 fell by two-thirds from 2010 levels.

“The threat of tougher policy action to address climate change and air pollution and enhanced competition from renewables continue to discourage investment in coal,” IEA said.

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SunnyJuly 17, 2018
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1min00

सांकेतिक तस्वीर
धीरेंद्र कुमार/नई दिल्ली
म्यूचुअल फंड्स रेग्युलेटर के निर्देश पर सभी फंड्स के डायरेक्ट टु कस्टमर ऑप्शन शुरू किए हुए पांच साल से ज्यादा समय हो चुका है और इस दौरान अधिकतर पढ़ने-लिखने वाले निवेशकों ने डायरेक्ट फंड्स का फायदा समझ लिया है। उन्हें पता है कि सभी फंड्स में ‘डायरेक्ट फ्रॉम द मैन्युफैक्चरर’ मॉडल होता है, जिसमें निवेशकों को हर फंड का एक ‘डायरेक्ट’ इक्विवैलेंट मिल सकता है। ये अपेक्षाकृत सस्ते भी होते हैं। इनमें म्यूचुअल फंड कंपनी कम एक्सपेंस लेती है क्योंकि उसे ‘रिटेलर’ को पेमेंट नहीं करना होता है। सस्ता होने से रिटर्न बढ़ने का चांस बन जाता है। सवाल यह है कि डायरेक्ट फंड्स से कितना ज्यादा रिटर्न मिलता है?

दरअसल यह एक छोटी रकम होती है, लेकिन कई वर्षों तक इसकी कंपाउंडिंग होती रहती है और फिर यह बढ़ जाती है। तो क्या डायरेक्ट फंड्स सभी निवेशकों के लिए उपयुक्त हैं? ऐसा नहीं है। डायरेक्ट और रेग्युलर प्लान के रिटर्न में सालाना एक पर्सेंट या इसके आसपास का फर्क ही यह रकम होती है। इसे लोग डिस्ट्रीब्यूटर की सेवाओं के लिए चुकाई गई रकम मान सकते हैं। पर्याप्त जानकारी जुटाकर डू इट योरसेल्फ की राह पर चलने वालों को छोड़ दें तो हमेशा सस्ते की तलाश में रहने की प्रवृत्ति इस मामले में कई निवेशकों के लिए फायदेमंद नहीं होगी।

म्यूचुअल फंड्स का चार्ज

कोई भी म्यूचुअल फंड आपके लिए जो भी करता है, उसकी फीस आपके निवेश से कटती है। इक्विटी फंड्स के लिए फंड कंपनियां 1.75 पर्सेंट से लेकर 2.5 पर्सेंट तक के बीच स्लैब्स में चार्ज करती हैं। जीएसटी भी लगता है। इन सबको मिलाकर एक्सपेंस 3 पर्सेंट के आसपास पहुंच जाता है। चूंकि रेट सालाना आधार पर बताए जाते हैं, लेकिन पैसा छोटे-छोटे टुकड़ों में रोज काटा जाता है। यह रकम फंड कंपनी को जाती है और इसका कुछ हिस्सा फंड डिस्ट्रीब्यूटर के पास भी जाता है, जिसने आपको फंड बेचा हो। इस बात का मतलब है कि म्यूचुअल फंड्स काफी चार्ज वसूलते हैं, लेकिन यह डिडक्शन किसी भी म्यूचुअल फंड में सभी निवेशकों के लिए एक समान होता है।

डायरेक्ट और रेग्युलर इन्वेस्टमेंट का फर्क

डायरेक्ट और रेग्युलर इन्वेस्टमेंट का फर्क समझने के लिए पहले देखते हैं कि अडवाइजर की आदर्श भूमिका कैसी होनी चाहिए। एक पुरानी अमेरिकी फाइनैंशल कंपनी ने इस संबंध में एक लिस्ट बनाई थी। उसके मुताबिक अडवाइजर को भरोसा बढ़ाना चाहिए, गोल प्लानिंग, पोर्टफोलियो बनाना चाहिए, पोर्टफोलियो रीबैलेंस करना चाहिए और मार्केट में गिरावट के वक्त हालात के बारे में सही जानकारी देनी चाहिए। अधिकतर निवेशकों को इनमें से कुछ न कुछ सेवाओं की जरूरत होती ही है। बैंक में एफडी एकाउंट खोलने की तरह म्यूचुअल फंड इनवेस्टमेंट आपको पहले से मिल रही कुछ सेवाओं का ऑटोमैटिक एक्सपैंशन नहीं होता है।

डायरेक्ट इन्वेस्टमेंट कैसे निवेशकों के लिए ठीक?

डायरेक्ट इन्वेस्टमेंट ऐसे निवेशकों के लिए ठीक है, जो निवेश की विभिन्न तरह की जरूरतों के लिए म्यूचुअल फंड्स की कैटिगरी की समझ रखते हों और इनके बारे में खुद रिसर्च कर सकते हों और इसके बाद किसी इंटरमीडियरी के बिना चुने गए फंड में निवेश की प्रक्रिया पूरी कर सकते हों। निवेश की शुरुआत करने के बाद मार्केट में गिरावट आने और निवेश की वैल्यू घटने पर अगर कोई समझाने वाला मिल जाए तो निवेशक सही राह से नहीं भटकता है। दरअसल डायरेक्ट इन्वेस्टमेंट के मामले में आपको अपने लिए वे सारे काम करने होते हैं, जो कोई अडवाइजर करता।

यह सब आपको आसान लग रहा है? अगर जवाब हां है तो आप डायरेक्ट इन्वेस्टमेंट से एक्सट्रा रिटर्न हासिल कर सकते हैं, लेकिन अगर आप नए या अनुभवहीन निवेशक हैं तो बेहतर होगा कि रेग्युलर प्लान में निवेश करें। यह सवाल हालांकि उठ सकता है कि क्या सही अडवाइजर मिलना आसान है, लेकिन यह एक अलग मुद्दा है।

(लेखक वैल्यू रिसर्च के CEO हैं)

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SunnyJuly 17, 2018

8min10

The value of money raised by investment trusts listing on the UK’s public markets has fallen dramatically in 2018 as a spike in market volatility has put investors off buying newly minted funds.

June was the quietest month for investment trust fundraising since April 2016, according to data from broker Winterflood. In the year to date, investment trust fundraisings are 40 per cent down on the same period last year.

Analysts said a combination of investors’ nerves about the direction of markets, depleted share prices in popular trust sectors and the spectre of rising interest rates were among the factors to blame.

Investment trusts raised £230m in June, 65 per cent less than the £654m raised in May and 81 per cent less than the amount raised in June 2017.

Twelve investment companies have come to market in the year to date, raising £1.1bn — 40 per cent less than the £1.7bn raised at the same point in 2017, when nine new trusts listed, but raised far more.

Analysts said nervousness over the direction of stock markets was deterring companies from launching funds and discouraging investors from buying into new funds at listing rather than purchasing existing shares on the secondary market.

Simon Elliott, an analyst at Winterflood Securities, said: “In general, fundraising has proven more difficult this year, reflecting an increase in market volatility and a rise in uncertainty.”

The issue is not restricted to investment companies, as companies across the world hold back from new listings. According to an EY report in June, “geopolitical frictions and shifting trade policies have contributed to declines in global IPO activity in [the second quarter] of 2018”.

Monday, 16 July, 2018

In the investment trust world, Mr Elliott said investors had recently been turning towards funds that have a track record. “Investors seem in general more willing to back existing funds that have proven models through placings at premiums rather than back new ideas,” he said.

Iain Scouller, an analyst at Stifel, the financial services company, said nervous investors were more likely to feel comfortable buying shares in a large trust they would be more likely to sell in a downturn than taking a risk on a new trust.

In the six months to the end of June, £2.9bn was raised in both primary and secondary issues.

“Investors are focused on liquidity in listed funds these days — therefore they may prefer to back a secondary [fundraising] in, for example, an existing renewable energy fund where this could take it to a £700m market cap, rather than back a new fund which may only have an initial market cap of £100m or even lower,” Mr Scouller said.

Many of the sectors where trust issuance has been high have also faced share price falls in recent months, including peer-to-peer lending and infrastructure funds, according to Stifel.

Mr Scouller said: “Some of the IPOs of the last 10 years, such as peer-to-peer lending and PFI infrastructure have de-rated in share price terms and in some cases have moved to discounts to NAV. If there are existing funds on discounts in an asset class, it can be difficult to launch new listed funds in that asset class.”

However, analysts said investment trust IPOs tended to be “lumpy”, with one large issue likely to skew the figures. July was also a busier month than June, implying the drought might soon be over.

Compared with June, when no investment trusts were launched, three new funds have so far come to market in July. Those include Tritax EuroBox, a Continental European logistics property fund, which raised £300m with a yield target of 4.75 per cent; and Hipgnosis Songs Fund, a music royalty fund that raised £202m.

Ashoka India Equity also raised £46m to invest in a concentrated portfolio of Indian equities.

“After the inevitable summer lull, we would expect to see renewed attempts to raise new money, either for existing funds or IPOs in the remaining four months of the year,” said Mr Elliott. “To a large degree success will be determined by market conditions and investors’ continued appetite for new paper.”

A series of infrastructure trusts have also raised large amounts this year in the secondary market, including GCP Infrastructure raising £100m, BBGI raising £60m and Sequoia Economic Infrastructure raising £76m, with all issues oversubscribed. Infrastructure funds have been popular with income investors in recent years due to their high, inflation-linked income streams.

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SunnyJuly 17, 2018
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6min00

At a time when equity and debt markets are volatile, investors will have to look at proper asset allocation based on their long-term goals and not take any positions based on any market-related anticipation.

At a time when equity and debt markets are volatile, investors will have to look at proper asset allocation based on their long-term goals and not take any positions based on any market-related anticipation.
A common mistake on the part of most investors is to follow recent trends in the performance of a particular asset class and invest in it. Asset allocation helps an investor to build well-diversified investment portfolios that aim to deliver higher risk- and inflation-adjusted returns.

Asset allocation is a more refined method of investing practice. Rules which can be easily followed and implemented are the ones to be put in place. Any skewed asset allocation will create issues of liquidity and investment performance.

Diversify portfolio
One should look at diversifying wealth across different investment classes, such as stocks, bonds, gold, real estate and cash. Such a diversification will reduce risk during market volatility and enhance returns. Different asset classes perform differently from one another across different time periods. Certain types of asset classes offer higher return potential but carry more risk.

Equities are more volatile than fixed income securities. However, over a longer period of time, equity provides higher returns and capital appreciation. On the other hand, fixed income instruments offer low but stable returns. Always do proper due diligence, have a checklist of the investment criteria, run the process as per your goals.

Successful investment outcomes depend a lot on individual investor behavior. Investors must arrive at suitable asset allocation after carefully considering their investment goals, financial needs, risk tolerance and time horizon.

Asset allocation mix
Longer the horizon, the higher the probability of compounding returns in equity and real estate. Tax efficiency is an important consideration while investing in various asset classes. However, most investors confuse tax planning with investments.

Young investors should look at equity investment more aggressively and gradually reduce the equity exposure at a later stage in life. Such an asset allocation will help to create wealth for long-term needs such as funding children’s higher education and retirement needs. An investor who does not need his money for 25 years and is saving for retirement, seeking high capital appreciation, can have a more aggressive asset allocation of 80% investment in equities. The thumb rule for equity mix is 100 minus your age. However, a retired individual who no longer receives steady monthly salary should have a conservative asset allocation with nearly 85% of the assets in low risk stable income generation products such as debt instruments.

For medium-term goals such as buying a car, going for an exotic holiday or buying an expensive accessory, the investor should look at moderate risk investment options like balanced funds, monthly income plans and long-term bank deposits.

To build such a corpus one must start early. For instance, A starts investing Rs 10,000 every month at the age of 25 while B starts at 35. At 55 years of age, when both plan to retire, A’s corpus would be Rs 2.27 crore, assuming returns of 10% a year while B would have just Rs 76.50 lakh. This is the power of compounding. Equity should be the preferred asset class to achieve these goals.

An investor’s asset allocation strategy can be aggressive, moderate or conservative depending on his investment goals, time horizon, and risk tolerance. An investor’s financial goals will vary depending on age, liabilities, lifestyle and family commitments. One needs to clearly define the investment objectives such as buying a house, financing a wedding, paying for children’s education or retirement before determining a relevant asset allocation.

Periodic review
A periodic review of your portfolio’s progress towards the set goals is important. Reviewing your portfolio regularly with your financial advisor to monitor and rebalance your asset allocation can help make sure you stay on track to meet your investment goals. A disciplined rebalancing done periodically will help investors earn superior returns compared to investment portfolios that are not rebalanced periodically.

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SunnyJuly 16, 2018
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6min30

The so-called Silicon Roundabout in LondonCreative Commons

According to a recent study by London & Partners, total venture capital investment in UK tech companies since 2016 has now surpassed £5 billion. Over $2B of VC funding was invested into the UK in Q2 of this year, more than a third of the $5.6B invested across Europe as a whole – a report from KPMG’s Venture Pulse shows.

London attracted the bulk of this UK capital, with £180M invested in London-based startups. Out of 39 UK businesses receiving Series A investment in the first half of 2018, 30 were London-based. The average Series A deal size was £6M.

Rajesh Agrawal, Deputy Mayor of London for Business, says this represents solid evidence that London continues to be the tech capital of Europe:

“London is best place to start and grow a technology business, and we must continue to do all we can to attract investment and talent to our city.”

Yet this isn’t all about London, as of the 10 biggest UK investments in 2017, three (totaling over $138M) were from places such as Cambridge, Nottinghamshire, and Durham.

The Tech Nation’s 2018 Report, which surveyed 3,428 people in digital tech, divided between 30 clusters from Truro & Redruth (SW England) to Dundee in Scotland generally revealed that tech communities across the UK report feeling optimistic about growth prospects in their regions.

One of the largest investments reported in that group is in the immersive tech space, for Blue Vision Labs, a cloud-based computer vision technology that allows multiple users to share in the same AR experiences (previously only possible for a single person through their individual smartphone).

Fat Llama is one of the companies highlighted in the Tech Nation report, having raised $10m earlier this year. It’s an online marketplace where people can borrow and lend fully insured items in their local area. Borrowers on the platform are collectively saving up to £8M per month in non-purchases, whilst some lenders are earning up to £7,000 per month. The company’s Co-Founder and COO Rosie Dallas, also stresses that talent is one of the key reasons why London still retains that key competitive edge:

“For the entrepreneur, there’s very little to divide London and Silicon Valley, especially when it comes to talent. Our own experience of hiring has shown that London is the number one city in Europe for top talent to build a career in tech. Silicon Valley poses the sort of hiring competition which can slow growth and hurt you.”

Other companies featured in the report included Hoop, an app that allows users to browse and book kids activities in their local area secured $5.36m and Airportr ($7.45m), which lets users check their baggage in for a flight before they leave home, collecting luggage at an agreed pick up point and delivering it straight to the airport so that the airline can direct it to the right flight.

Although essentially more optimistic in tone, the report from Tech Nation does chime with the starker warning note of a recent open letter signed by 80 tech industry leaders saying that Brexit is likely to impact their ability to recruit and retain skilled individuals to work in the sector.

With Brexit having dominated the business and political agenda for over two years now, it is possible to lose track of the fact it hasn’t actually happened yet. It really does remain to be seen whether – and how – exactly it will impact various industries which are dependent on European trade and rely on the free movement of people to meet their recruitment needs. As one of the main driving engines of the UK economy, the technology sector will be a crucial test case for how we handle those issues in the months and years ahead.

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SunnyJuly 16, 2018
im-18209

13min30

Chinese tech giants Alibaba and Tencent have in recent years showered the U.S. startup sector with dozens of investments.


Photo:

Wang He/Getty Images

Tighter national security reviews have curbed Chinese deal-making in the U.S., but a new study shows China is pouring money into cutting-edge American technologies at a record pace this year through loosely regulated venture capital investments.

Chinese foreign-direct investment into the U.S., made through deals such as acquisitions, fell into negative territory during the first five months of the year, according to data that takes asset sales into account from the Rhodium Group, a New York consulting firm.

Yet the figures belie China’s sustained interest in U.S. technology, which it is continuing to target through relatively unrestricted investments in startups in Silicon Valley and elsewhere, Rhodium said in a new report reviewed by The Wall Street Journal.

The report’s findings could give fresh momentum to national security hawks who have singled out Chinese investment as posing disproportionate risks to the U.S. because the entities may be directed and subsidized by the government of China, an economic and military rival.

Over the period from January to May 2018, Chinese venture capital investment in the U.S. had already reached nearly $2.4 billion, which was its previous full-year record set in 2015, according to Rhodium’s analysis.

From 2000 through May 2018, Rhodium found more than 1,300 funding rounds of U.S. startups with at least one Chinese-controlled investor, representing an estimated $11 billion in Chinese investment. Around three-quarters of those transactions have occurred since 2014, the report by

Thilo Hanemann,

Adam Lysenko

and

Daniel Rosen,

says.

The estimates reflect some larger deals recently, as the total number of deals involving Chinese investors is down slightly from 2016 and 2017.

Venture capital is defined by investments targeting startups with big potential that require large amounts of money in early days. It typically involves groups of investors that each take small stakes and gradually put in more money as the company grows.

Chinese investors targeting startups have historically focused their investments in the information and communications technology sectors as well as the health, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology sectors, Rhodium found. They are also targeting technologies such as 3-D printing, robotics and artificial intelligence, and recently have plowed money into companies such as Grail, a Silicon Valley cancer detection startup, the report said.

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China has pledged to retaliate against U.S. tariffs in “equal scale and equal strength.” In addition to tariffs, here are three ways Beijing could hit back at Washington. Photo: Getty Images

The new data on venture investing, which is notoriously hard to track given complex legal structures and limited disclosure requirements, comes amid an array of potential actions by the U.S. government to further regulate foreign tech investing.

The White House in June was close to imposing a set of tough new restrictions on Chinese investments in the U.S., including through venture capital funds, but backed away at the last minute, saying it would instead throw its weight behind proposed Congressional legislation with similar objectives.

Lawmakers are putting the finishing touches on that legislation to curb a range of Chinese investment by strengthening the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S.

The interagency committee, known as CFIUS, advises the president on when to block foreign deals on national-security grounds.

While CFIUS has traditionally focused on foreign takeovers, the new legislation would strengthen the committee’s authority to review minority investments from foreign entities, including venture capital funds, in “critical technology.”

“The Chinese are aggressive, well-coordinated, and creative in finding ways to exploit our system,” said

Rep. Robert Pittenger

(R., N.C.), who introduced the bill alongside Senate Majority

Whip JohnCo

rnyn of Texas.

“Whether it be through cyberattacks, espionage, or by obfuscating government involvement in investment structures—they will continue their attempts to vacuum up our military and intelligence technological capabilities,” he said in a Sunday statement urging the U.S. to “remain vigilant and flexible as we confront these asymmetrical threats.”

U.S. venture capital investors worry that could lead to slower deals, or could spur startups to avoid some foreign investors.

“A lot of behavior is going to shift in this new world,” said Jeff Farrah, general counsel at the National Venture Capital Association, a venture capital trade group.

The stakes are high for Chinese startup investors because “there’s really no substitute for Silicon Valley globally,” said

Mr. Hanemann

in an interview.

For example, as tensions have increased between the U.S. and China, Chinese investors have instead targeted Europe for deals, with newly announced Chinese mergers and acquisitions in Europe reaching $22 billion in the first six months of 2018 versus just $2.5 billion in North America, according to another new report by Rhodium and law firm

Baker McKenzie.

But Chinese investors don’t have the same alternative for investments in foreign high-tech startups.

Some of the most active Chinese investors in the U.S. have been tech giants

Alibaba Group Holding
Ltd.

and

Tencent Holdings
Ltd.

, which in recent years have showered the startup sector with dozens of investments, including video game makers, a cellphone developer and multiple autonomous car companies. An Alibaba spokesman declined to comment, as did a spokesman for Tencent.

Major questions remain regarding which types of startups would be affected by the proposed CFIUS legislation, as well as which type of investors. The bill is leaving the process of defining what constitutes a “critical technology” to a lengthy regulation-writing process that would take place after the legislation became law.

Interpreting the definition of critical technology as narrowly as possible, Rhodium estimates it’s possible that as few as 15% of Chinese venture deals could come under CFIUS review under the new law. But, if a wider approach is taken, around three quarters of such deals could fall under CFIUS’s expanded purview, the report says.

A 2017 research paper by a division of the Department of Defense may provide some clues. The report, which has been influential in Washington, identified numerous areas hot in Silicon Valley including artificial intelligence, autonomous driving and virtual and augmented reality.

Many prominent, highly-valued companies in those areas have taken Chinese money, the report noted. Among them are Magic Leap Inc., a Florida-based “augmented reality” company that has for years been developing a headset intended to mix digital images with the physical world. The company, valued at about $6 billion, has raised more than $2 billion, including more than $400 million from Alibaba. Magic Leap declined to comment.

Another, Zoox, is working to build its own self-driving car and self-driving software out of its offices in Silicon Valley. The company, which has multiple Chinese investors and has raised about $360 million, declined to comment.

Write to Kate O’Keeffe at kathryn.okeeffe@wsj.com and Eliot Brown at eliot.brown@wsj.com

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SunnyJuly 16, 2018
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4min30

While global institutional investors’ interest in Indian real estate continues to show an uptick, the latest June quarter has shown a decline in their investment owing to delayed conclusion of a few large deals. Indian real estate has attracted investments worth $1.08 billion in the June quarter across 11 transactions, down 20% from a year ago, showed data from Venture Intelligence.

However, given the size and number of deals that are under negotiation, the interest remains intact, experts said.

“A few mega deals that are under discussion have not fructified in the latest quarter and their closing should reflect in the upcoming quarter. These are large and complex transactions and therefore are taking time to conclude. Global investors’, especially Singapore and Canada entities, remain aggressive to pick up marquee assets in India,” said Arun Natarajan, founder of research firm Venture Intelligence.

The commercial real estate dominated both in terms of volume and value in the second quarter of the year as 7 transactions worth an investment of $766 million were announced in this segment. The residential segment saw the next highest volume of investments, attracting three investments worth $34 million.

Projects in southern India led the investments as it accounted for 6 deals worth $662 million, or half the total investments during the quarter. This was followed by the western region with 4 deals worth $423 million.

The largest investment announced during the quarter was Ascendas’ $198 million forward purchase agreement with Phoenix Infocity to acquire several assets owned by the latter in Hyderabad. The acquisition will include two buildings — aVance V and VI — with a combined leasable area of 1.8 million sq ft, in aVance Business Hub, located in Hitec City.

This was followed by the sovereign wealth fund GIC’s $149 million investment in publicly listed Godrej Properties through preferential allotment.

Ascendas emerged as the most active investor for Q2’18, accounting for 2 deals worth $335 million.

In the sole private equity – real estate exit during the quarter, the promoters of business park developer RMZ Corporation, bought back 45% stake held by Qatar Investment Authority and Baring Private Equity Partners, for $1 billion.

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SunnyJuly 16, 2018
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1min10

[ शिल्पी सिन्हा | मुंबई ]

IDBI बैंक में 12000 करोड़ रुपये से ज्यादा रकम निवेश करने की समय सीमा को अंतिम रूप देने के लिए सोमवार को लाइफ इंश्योरेंस कॉरपोरेशन (LIC) के बोर्ड की मीटिंग होगी। LIC का बोर्ड इंश्योरेंस रेगुलेटर के निर्देश के मुताबिक कंपनी में अपनी हिस्सेदारी घटाकर 15% पर कैसे लाएगा, इसका भी रोडमैप तैयार करेगा। LIC के बोर्ड ने बैंक में निवेश करने का प्रस्ताव दिया था जिसे IRDAI ने कुछ नियमों और शर्तों के साथ मंजूरी दी है। मामले के जानकार सूत्रों ने बताया कि बोर्ड अब उन नियमों पर गौर करेगा।

सूत्र ने बताया, ‘IDBI बैंक के मैटर पर चर्चा करने के लिए बोर्ड की मीटिंग बुलाई गई है। LIC के बोर्ड ने बैंक में निवेश का प्रस्ताव दिया था जिसे IRDAI ने मंजूरी दे दी है और अब उन्हें टाइमलाइन और एग्जिट जैसे निवेश से मसलों पर डिस्कशन करना होगा।’ LIC को अब सेबी, RBI और IRDAI के कंप्लायंस रोडमैप से जुड़े मसलों को देखना होगा। IRDAI ने इनवेस्टमेंट से पहले ड्यू डिलिजेंट करने और ड्यू डिलिजेंस प्वाइंट्स को कवर करने के लिए LIC से 10-15 प्वाइंट्स देने के लिए कहे हैं।

IDBI में 51% स्टेक एलआईसी के पॉलिसीहोल्डर एकाउंट्स से खरीदे जा सकते हैं। पॉलिसीहोल्डर्स एकाउंट से इनवेस्टमेंट करने पर एलआईसी को देखना होगा कि उसे संबंधित नियमों के पालन में कितना समय लगेगा, वह रिटर्न जेनरेशन के जरिए कैसे पॉलिसीहोल्डर्स को बचाए रख सकेगा और वे फ्यूचर में बैंक को कैसे बेच सकेंगे। बोर्ड की मंजूरी के बाद मामला कैबिनेट और डिपार्टमेंट ऑफ फाइनेंशियल सर्विसेज के पास जाएगा। इसके बाद शेयर खरीद प्रस्ताव को बैंकिंग रेगुलेटर और कैपिटल मार्केट रेगुलेटर की मंजूरी लेनी होगी।

29 जून 2018 को इंश्योरेंस रेगुलेटरी एंड डिवेलपमेंट ऑफ इंडिया ने IDBI बैंक में 51% से ज्यादा निवेश करने के एलआईसी के प्रपोजल को मंजूरी दी थी। प्रपोजल को अप्रूवल इस शर्त पर दिया गया है कि LIC आनेवाले समय में अपना स्टेक घटाएगा और उसे रेगुलेटरी रिक्वायरमेंट के हिसाब से 15% पर लाएगा। नए इक्विटी शेयरों की खरीदारी सेबी के रूल्स के मुताबिक प्रेफरेंशियल अलॉटमेंट के जरिए किस्तों में की जाएगी।

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SunnyJuly 16, 2018
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2min10

प्रशांत महेश, मुंबई
सिस्टेमैटिक इन्वेस्टमेंट प्लान (SIP) के जरिए म्यूचुअल फंड्स में आने वाली रकम जून 2018 में मई के मुकाबले 250 करोड़ रुपये बढ़कर 7553 करोड़ रुपये के ऑलटाइम हाई पर पहुंच गई। पिछले दो वर्षों से एसआईपी के जरिए कलेक्शंस में लगातार इजाफा हो रहा है। इस दौरान एक बार व्यवधान आया था, जब आंकड़ा मार्च 2018 के 7119 करोड़ रुपये से घटकर अप्रैल 2018 में 6690 करोड़ रुपये पर आ गया था।

रियल एस्टेट से अच्छा रिटर्न मिलने की गुंजाइश कम रहने, गोल्ड के पिछले पांच वर्षों में सालाना एक पर्सेंट की दर से रिटर्न देने और बैंकों के डिपॉजिट रेट्स में कुछ खास इजाफा नहीं करने की वजह से रिटेल इनवेस्टर्स के पास अपने पैसे के निवेश के विकल्प सीमित हो गए हैं।

यह भी पढ़ें: SIP से घर बैठे ऐसे कर सकते हैं निवेश


फंड्स इंडिया डॉट कॉम की रिसर्च हेड विद्या बाला ने कहा, ‘इंटरेस्ट रेट चढ़ने के बावजूद बैंकों ने फिक्स्ड डिपॉजिट रेट्स में ज्यादा इजाफा नहीं किया है। ऐसे में निवेशकों ने एसआईपी के जरिए इक्विटीज में निवेश जारी रखा है।’

कई निवेशक मार्केट की वोलैटिलिटी के बीच एसआईपी के जरिए इक्विटीज में अलोकेशन बढ़ा भी रहे हैं। ये एसआईपी आमतौर पर इक्विटी ओरिएंटेड स्कीमों और हाइब्रिड फंड्स के जरिए किए जाते हैं। मंथली एसआईपी कलेक्शन का लेवल मार्च 2014 के 1206 करोड़ रुपये से मार्च 2016 तक 2719 करोड़ रुपये हो गया था। जून 2018 में यह 7553 करोड़ रुपये पर पहुंच गया। फाइनैंशल इयर 2017-18 में ओवरऑल एसआईपी कलेक्शन 67190 करोड़ रुपये का रहा, जो उससे पिछले साल में 43921 करोड़ रुपये पर था। इस तरह इसमें 53 पर्सेंट की बढ़ोतरी देखी गई।

यह भी पढ़ें: म्यूचुअल फंड यूनिट्स पर आसानी से ले सकते हैं कर्ज


कोटक म्यूचुअल फंड के मैनेजिंग डायरेक्टर नीलेश शाह ने कहा, ‘मार्केट की चुनौतीपूर्ण स्थितियों के बावजूद एसआईपी के जरिए आने वाली रकम की रफ्तार बनी हुई है। इसका श्रेय डिस्ट्रीब्यूटर्स को जाता है, जिन्होंने निवेशकों को शॉर्ट टर्म वोलैटिलिटी को नजरंदाज कर लॉन्ग टर्म के लिए अपना निवेश बनाए रखने की बात समझाई है।’ कई फाइनैंशल प्लानर निवेशकों से कह रहे हैं कि वे अपने एसआईपी लॉन्ग टर्म गोल से जोड़ लें, जिससे उन्हें लंबे समय तक निवेश बनाए रखने में मदद मिलेगी। ऐसेट मैनेजमेंट कंपनियां और डिस्ट्रीब्यूटर पिछले तीन वर्षों से म्यूचुअल फंड्स के बारे में जागरूकता बढ़ाने में जुटे हुए हैं।

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